Black smoke. Morning March 13

VATICAN CITY — More black smoke poured from the chimney on the roof of the Sistine Chapel at 11:40 a.m. March 13, seemingly indicating the 115 cardinal electors failed to elect a pope on their second and third ballots.

The cardinals had voted once March 12 without electing a pope. According to the schedule published before the conclave, the cardinals were to take two votes in the morning of their first full day in the Sistine Chapel and return to their residence at 1 p.m. for lunch if the voting was unsuccessful.

Ballots are burned a maximum of twice a day: white smoke would pour out of the chimney at mid-morning or mid-afternoon if one candidate received the 77 votes needed to be elected pope; and black smoke would puff out at midday or late evening if the two morning or two evening ballots were unsuccessful.

Two stoves, leading to one smokestack, were installed in the Sistine Chapel for the conclave. The ballots and any notes or tallies individual cardinals made are burned in one stove. The other stove burns special chemical pellets designed to create clouds of black or white smoke for a full seven minutes.

Because they are incommunicado during the conclave, the smokestack is the only way the outside world knows what is happening with the cardinals, who come from 48 countries.

Disappointed pilgrims in St. Peter's Square after black smoke. (CTV screenshot)

Disappointed pilgrims in St. Peter’s Square after black smoke. (CTV screenshot)

Despite it being a rainy work and school day, several thousand people were in St. Peter’s Square watching the smoke stack in the hopes of seeing white smoke and being closest to the balcony of the basilica where a new pope would emerge.

Father Kevin Elgrave, a priest of the Archdiocese of Toronto studying in Rome, was in the square early, holding an umbrella, a Canadian flag and a rosary.

“I wouldn’t miss it for anything … rain or not,” he said. It is important to be in the square and pray, “to be so close to them.”

The eyes (and ears, and beard) have it

Boston Cardinal Sean P. O’Malley has the inside track to be elected pope, according to the preliminary analysis of how people reacted to the faces of likely candidates among the cardinals. Yep, their faces alone.

A pair of psychology associate professors from the College of William & Mary in Virginia — Peter M. Vishton and Jennifer A. Stevens — pulled together what was cautiously labeled “Brief technical report — working document — draft” of how study participants reacted to photos of 20 likely contenders for the papacy. They concluded that Cardinal O’Malley will be the next pope.

The cautiously worded preliminary report analyzed the reactions to the photos by 557 participants, who were recruited via something called Amazon Mechanical Turk and paid 20 cents for their participation. Curiously, the participants hardly reflect the demographics of the cardinal electors.

“137 self-identified as Christian; 237 self-identified as Hindu; 169 of the participants self-identified as being from North America; 337 self-identified as being from Asia.”

The unusual approach is based on the principle that although the electors will consider a wide range of skills, personal characteristics, qualifications and geopolitical angles, they also will be influenced by the facial features of the candidates.

“This study explores the prediction that the unconscious assessment of face appearance will strongly, unconsciously affect their selection.”

The report said one reason they chose to study the papal election is that the electors constitute a closed group of highly educated, experienced, senior leaders. If their prediction turns out to be accurate, the pair said:
“It would suggest that the power of a face to drive decisions is truly powerful.”

Sculptor captures ‘heart and soul’ of Mary, Joseph in statues for renovated cathedral

Oregon sculptor's bronze statue of Mary and Joseph capture's realism. (Photo courtesy sculptor)

Oregon sculptor’s bronze statue of Mary and Joseph at Kansas cathedral. (Photo courtesy Rip Caswell)

A world away from Rome, the conclave and the papal watch there’s excitement at the local church level about something entirely different — but a celebration of the Catholic faith nonetheless. The excitement is in Wichita, Kan., about the completion of the renovation of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception.

In February 2012 we reported on the 18-month project to upgrade, enhance and preserve the cathedral in this story from part of the Catholic Advance.

The Wichita Diocese selected Oregon sculptor Rip Caswell to create the dramatic monuments. Caswell has a reputation for historical accuracy and “painstaking attention to detail.”

“We selected Rip,” explains Msgr. Robert Hemberger, chairman of the Cathedral Arts Committee, “above all, because of his ability to capture the heart and soul of a subject — this especially comes through in the face and eyes of his work.”

Scuptor caswell stands by The Cricifix

Sculptor stands by Crucifix he created for Kansas cathedral. (Photo courtesy Rip Caswell)

The two sculptures, each standing taller than 7 feet and weighing approximately half a ton apiece, are of Mary and Joseph and of the Crucifix. They stand apart in separate east and west alcoves of the cross-shaped cathedral, facing one another across the open space.

“They appear connected, almost as though there is a conversation taking place,” Msgr. Hemberger said in a statement. “Mary and child, with Joseph by her side, has a distant look in her eyes, as though seeing her Son’s future.” About Caswell’s work the priest added: “We’re astounded by the beauty of what he’s created. It’s truly amazing.” Caswell’s figure of Christ on the cross is looking down but his face reflects a sense of calm and peace.

According to a news release, Caswell used wood from Israel and stones from the Jordan River for the cross and the base of his sculptures. A young Jewish girl was his model for Mary and Catholic seminarians were models for Christ.

The artist, who has created more than 200 sculptures, has been sculpting in bronze for 20 years. He was recently commissioned to create a national monument to five-star Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, scheduled to be unveiled Sept. 2 at Pearl Harbor.

In pre-conclave sermon, cardinal dean calls for unity


Cardinal Angelo Sodano in St. Peter’s Basilica, March 12, 2013 (screen grab from Vatican television)

VATICAN CITY — Hours before the start of the conclave that will choose the next pope, the dean of the College of Cardinals celebrated the papacy as a source of unity among Catholics and of evangelization and charitable service to the world.

Christ “has established his apostles and among them Peter, who takes the lead, as the visible foundation of the unity of the church,” said Cardinal Angelo Sodano in his homily at St. Peter’s Basilica March 12. “Each of us is therefore called to cooperate with the successor of Peter, the visible foundation of such an ecclesial unity.”

Cardinal Sodano, 85, concelebrated the Mass “Pro Eligendo Romano Pontifice” (for the election of the Roman pontiff) with some 170 other cardinals, including 115 under 80 who will be entering the conclave in the Sistine Chapel this afternoon.

At the start of the Mass, as a choir and the congregation chanted verses from the psalms, the cardinals processed up the main aisle of the basilica, wearing vestments in the red of Pentecost, signifying their invocation of the Holy Spirit to guide the papal election.

Cardinal Sodano’s homily included words of thanks for the “brilliant pontificate” of Pope Benedict XVI, which prompted over 30 seconds of applause.

The cardinal quoted the retired pope’s description of charity as a “constitutive element of the church’s mission and an indispensable expression of her being,” and his warning that charity must not be reduced to “solidarity or simply humanitarian aid,” since the “greatest work of charity is evangelization, which is the ‘ministry of the word.’”

Christ’s “mission of mercy,” Cardinal Sodano said, “is especially entrusted to the bishop of Rome, shepherd of the universal church.”

“The last popes have been builders of so many good initiatives for people and for the international community, tirelessly promoting justice and peace,” the cardinal said. “Let us pray that the future pope may continue this unceasing work on the world level.”

Given its timing, the homily at the cardinals’ last Mass before a conclave is commonly interpreted as an exhortation to the cardinal-electors on the priorities they should follow in choosing the next pope.

On the same occasion in 2005, the cardinal dean gave a now-famous sermon that warned believers against trends in contemporary culture, particularly a “dictatorship of relativism that does not recognize anything as definitive and whose ultimate goal consists solely of one’s own ego and desires.” He emerged from the Sistine Chapel the next day as Pope Benedict XVI.

Cardinal Sodano’s words could also prove influential, but he is too old to vote in this conclave, and while the cardinal-electors are permitted to choose someone from outside their number, the last time they did so was in 1378.

11 U.S. cardinals to enter conclave


Eleven U.S. cardinals will take part in the conclave beginning tomorrow to elect a new pope. (CNS graphic/Paul Haring and Nancy Phelan Wiechec)

Alphabetical list of cardinal electors’ first names in Latin

Balcony where the name of the cardinal elected pope will be announced in Latin. (CNS/Paul Haring)

Balcony where the name of the cardinal elected pope will be announced in Latin. (CNS/Paul Haring)

VATICAN CITY — Here is an alphabetical list of the cardinal electors’ first names in Latin, in the accusative case, which is likely to be that used when announcing the name of the new pope.

Several cardinals are listed twice because they may be referred to by their baptismal name, given name or religious name. For instance, Indian Cardinal Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal, major archbishop of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, is listed twice because the “Acta Apostolicae Sedis,” (The Official Acts of the Holy See) has used both versions. U.S. Cardinal William J. Levada and Dutch Cardinal Willem Jacobus Eijk of Utrecht are listed twice because “Gulielmum” and “Villelmum” are both acceptable versions of their name.

— Albert Malcolm Ranjith of Colombo, Sri Lanka.

— Luis Antonio Tagle of Manila, Philippines.
— Lluis Martinez Sistach of Barcelona, Spain.

— Andre Vingt-Trois of Paris.

— Angelo Amato, prefect of the Congregation for Saints’ Causes.
— Angelo Bagnasco of Genoa, Italy.
— Angelo Comastri, archpriest of St. Peter’s Basilica.
— Angelo Scola of Milan.

— Oscar Rodriguez Maradiaga of Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

— Antonio Canizares Llovera, prefect of the Vatican Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments.
— Antonios Naguib, former Coptic Catholic patriarch, Egypt.
– Anthony Olubunmi Okogie of Lagos, Nigeria.

Antonium Mariam
— Antonio Maria Rouco Varela of Madrid.
— Antonio Maria Veglio, president of the Pontifical Council for Migrants and Travelers.

— Attilio Nicora, president emeritus of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See.

— Audrys Juozas Backis of Vilnius, Lithuania.

— Agostino Vallini, papal vicar for Rome.

Bachara or Becharam
— Bechara Rai, Maronite patriarch.

Basilium Clementem
Baselios Cleemis (Isaac) Thottunkal, major archbishop of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church.

— Carlos Amigo Vallejo of Seville, Spain.
— Carlo Caffarra, of Bologna, Italy.
— Karl Lehmann of Mainz, Germany.

— Kazimierz Nycz of Warsaw, Poland.

— Christoph Schonborn of Vienna.

— Claudio Hummes, retired prefect of the Congregation for Clergy.

— Kurt Koch, president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.

— Crescenzio Sepe of Naples, Italy.

Daniel or Danielem
— Daniel N. DiNardo of Galveston-Houston.

— Dionigi Tettamanzi of Milan.

— Domenico Calcagno, president of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See.
— Dominik Duka of Prague, Czech Republic.

— Donald W. Wuerl of Washington.

— Edwin F. O’Brien, grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre.

— Manuel Monteiro de Castro, head of the Apostolic Penitentiary.

— Ennio Antonelli, retired president of Pontifical Council for the Family.

— Fernando Filoni, prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

— Francesco Coccopalmerio, president of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts.
— Francis E. George of Chicago.
— Francesco Monterisi, retired secretary of the Congregation for Bishops.
— Francisco Robles Ortega of Guadalajara, Mexico.
— Franc Rode, retired prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life.

Franciscum Xaverium
— Francisco Javier Errazuriz Ossa of Santiago de Chile.

— George Alencherry of Ernakulam-Angamaly, major archbishop of Syro-Malabar Catholic Church.
— Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
— George Pell of Sydney.
— Jorge Urosa Savino of Caracas, Venezuela.

— Gabriel Zubeir Wako of Khartoum, Sudan.

— Geraldo Majella Agnelo of Sao Salvador da Bahia, Brazil.

— Godfried Danneels of Mechelen-Brussels.

— Willem Jacobus Eijk of Utrecht, Netherlands.
— William Joseph Levada, retired prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

— James M. Harvey, archpriest of the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls.
— Jaime Ortega Alamino of Havana.

— Joachim Meisner of Cologne, Germany.

— Sean Brady of Armagh, Northern Ireland.
— Joao Braz de Aviz, prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life.
— Juan Cipriani Thorne of Lima, Peru.
— Giovanni Lajolo, retired president of the commission governing Vatican City State.
— John Njue of Nairobi, Kenya.
— John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan of Abuja, Nigeria.
— Sean Patrick O’Malley of Boston.
— Juan Sandoval Iniguez of Guadalajara, Mexico.
— John Tong Hon of Hong Kong.

Ioannem Baptistam
— Giovanni Battista Re, retired prefect of the Congregation for Bishops.
— Jean-Baptiste Pham Minh Man, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Ioannem Claudium
— Jean-Claude Turcotte of Montreal.

Ioannem Ludovicum
— Jean-Louis Tauran, president of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue.

Ioannem Franciscum
— Gianfranco Ravasi, president of the Pontifical Council for Culture.

Ioannem Patricium
— Sean Patrick O’Malley of Boston.

Ioannem Petrum
— Jean-Pierre Ricard of Bordeaux, France.

— Giuseppe Bertello, president of the commission governing Vatican City State.
— Giuseppe Betori of Florence, Italy.
— Josip Bozanic of Zagreb, Croatia.
— Jose da Cruz Policarpo, Lisbon, Portugal.
— Giuseppe Versaldi, president of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See.

— Julio Terrazas Sandoval of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.

— Justin Rigali of Philadelphia.

— Baselios Cleemis (Isaac) Thottunkal, major archbishop of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church.

— Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya of Kinshasa, Congo.

— Ivan Dias, retired prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

— Leonardo Sandri, prefect of the Congregation for Eastern Churches.

— Marc Ouellet, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops.

— Mauro Piacenza, prefect of the Congregation for Clergy.

— Nicolas Lopez Rodriguez of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

— Norberto Rivera Carrera of Mexico City.

— Odilo Pedro Scherer of Sao Paulo.

— Oswald Gracias of Mumbai, India.

— Sean Patrick O’Malley of Boston.

— Paolo Sardi, a former official in the Vatican Secretariat of State.
— Paul Josef Cordes, retired president of Pontifical Council Cor Unum.
— Paolo Romeo of Palermo, Italy.

— Peter Erdo of Esztergom-Budapest, Hungary.
— Peter Turkson, president of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace.

— Philippe Barbarin of Lyon, France.

— Polycarp Pengo of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

— Raul Vela Chiriboga, retired archbishop of Quito, Ecuador.

— Raymond L. Burke, prefect of the Supreme Court of the Apostolic Signature.
— Raymundo Damasceno Assis of Aparecida, Brazil.

— Reinhard Marx of Munich and Freising, Germany.

— Rainer Maria Woelki of Berlin.

— Raffaele Farina, retired head of the Vatican Secret Archives and the Vatican Library.

— Robert Sarah, president of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum.

— Roger Mahony, retired archbishop of Los Angeles.

— Ruben Salazar Gomez of Bogota, Colombia.

— Santos Abril Castello, archpriest of Basilica of St. Mary Major.

— Severino Poletto of Turin, Italy.

— Stanislaw Dziwisz of Krakow, Poland.
— Stanislaw Rylko, president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity.

— Telesphore Toppo, of Ranchi, India.

— Tarcisio Bertone, secretary of state.

— Theodore-Adrien Sarr of Dakar, Senegal.

— Thomas C. Collins of Toronto.

— Timothy M. Dolan of New York.

— Walter Kasper, retired president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.

— Velasio De Paolis, papal delegate overseeing reform of the Legionaries of Christ and Regnum Christi.

— Wilfrid F. Napier of Durban, South Africa.

— Willem Jacobus Eijk of Utrecht, Netherlands.
— William Joseph Levada, retired prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

— Vinko Puljic of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.

— Zenon Grocholewski, prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education.

Quid est in nomine? Latin name is key clue

VATICAN CITY — The first clue to the identity of the new pope will be the announcement of his first name — in Latin, in the accusative case.

If he is not the one chosen, French Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran, the top-ranked cardinal-deacon, will say, in Latin, “I announce to you a great joy. We have a pope: His most Eminent and Reverend Lordship, Lord …” followed by the Latin version of the chosen cardinal’s first name.

If Cardinal Tauran says, “Lord Odilonem” everyone would know the new pope was Brazilian Cardinal Odilo Scherer of Sao Paulo. They would not have to wait for Cardinal Tauran to announce the new pope’s last name.

But if he says Angelum, it would not necessarily mean the new pope was the media-touted Italian Cardinal Angelo Scola of Milan; there are three other Italian cardinals also named Angelo.

If the cardinal says “Ioannem,” things would be much more complicated. Fifteen cardinals’ names begin Juan, Jean or Giovanni, the equivalent of John.

Five cardinals’ first names are variations of “Iosephum” (Joseph), five are named “Franciscum” (Francis) and five have names beginning “Antonium” (Anthony).

Only two are named after the apostle Peter, “Petrum,” and three after the apostle Paul, “Paulum.”

The 115 cardinals who will enter the Sistine Chapel for the conclave include four named “Georgium” or George and three who would be called “Carolum,” like Blessed John Paul II, the former Karol Wojtyla.

There are limits to translation possibilities: Lithuanian Cardinal Audrys Juozas Backis of Vilnius would be called Audrys and Maronite Patriarch Bechara Rai would be either Bachara or Becharam.

When the Vatican’s Office of Latin Letters is called upon to write a letter in Latin to one of the cardinals, the “Acta Apostolicae Sedis,” the book of official acts of the Holy See, is the go-to place for which version of their name to use. The volumes for 1909 through the end of 2012 are online on the Vatican website.

Apparently, though, it is not always that easy. Indian Cardinal Baselios Cleemis Isaac Thottunkal, major archbishop of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, has been referred to both as Basilium Clementem and Isaac.

It also is possible that Cardinal Tauran will not use the accusative case when he announces the name. He could say, “Marcus” instead of “Marcum” if the cardinals choose Canadian Cardinal Marc Ouellet, who has been prefect of the Congregation for Bishops.

A full list of the cardinal electors’ names in Latin can be found here.