11 U.S. cardinals to enter conclave

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Eleven U.S. cardinals will take part in the conclave beginning tomorrow to elect a new pope. (CNS graphic/Paul Haring and Nancy Phelan Wiechec)

Alphabetical list of cardinal electors’ first names in Latin

Balcony where the name of the cardinal elected pope will be announced in Latin. (CNS/Paul Haring)

Balcony where the name of the cardinal elected pope will be announced in Latin. (CNS/Paul Haring)

VATICAN CITY — Here is an alphabetical list of the cardinal electors’ first names in Latin, in the accusative case, which is likely to be that used when announcing the name of the new pope.

Several cardinals are listed twice because they may be referred to by their baptismal name, given name or religious name. For instance, Indian Cardinal Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal, major archbishop of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, is listed twice because the “Acta Apostolicae Sedis,” (The Official Acts of the Holy See) has used both versions. U.S. Cardinal William J. Levada and Dutch Cardinal Willem Jacobus Eijk of Utrecht are listed twice because “Gulielmum” and “Villelmum” are both acceptable versions of their name.

Albertum
— Albert Malcolm Ranjith of Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Aloisium
— Luis Antonio Tagle of Manila, Philippines.
— Lluis Martinez Sistach of Barcelona, Spain.

Andream
— Andre Vingt-Trois of Paris.

Angelum
— Angelo Amato, prefect of the Congregation for Saints’ Causes.
— Angelo Bagnasco of Genoa, Italy.
— Angelo Comastri, archpriest of St. Peter’s Basilica.
— Angelo Scola of Milan.

Ansgarium
— Oscar Rodriguez Maradiaga of Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Antonium
— Antonio Canizares Llovera, prefect of the Vatican Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments.
— Antonios Naguib, former Coptic Catholic patriarch, Egypt.
– Anthony Olubunmi Okogie of Lagos, Nigeria.

Antonium Mariam
— Antonio Maria Rouco Varela of Madrid.
— Antonio Maria Veglio, president of the Pontifical Council for Migrants and Travelers.

Attilium
— Attilio Nicora, president emeritus of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See.

Audrys
— Audrys Juozas Backis of Vilnius, Lithuania.

Augustinum
— Agostino Vallini, papal vicar for Rome.

Bachara or Becharam
— Bechara Rai, Maronite patriarch.

Basilium Clementem
Baselios Cleemis (Isaac) Thottunkal, major archbishop of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church.

Carolum
— Carlos Amigo Vallejo of Seville, Spain.
— Carlo Caffarra, of Bologna, Italy.
— Karl Lehmann of Mainz, Germany.

Casimirum
— Kazimierz Nycz of Warsaw, Poland.

Christophorum
— Christoph Schonborn of Vienna.

Claudium
— Claudio Hummes, retired prefect of the Congregation for Clergy.

Conradum
— Kurt Koch, president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.

Crescentium
— Crescenzio Sepe of Naples, Italy.

Daniel or Danielem
— Daniel N. DiNardo of Galveston-Houston.

Dionigium
— Dionigi Tettamanzi of Milan.

Dominicum
— Domenico Calcagno, president of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See.
— Dominik Duka of Prague, Czech Republic.

Donaldum
— Donald W. Wuerl of Washington.

Eduinum
— Edwin F. O’Brien, grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre.

Emmanuelem
— Manuel Monteiro de Castro, head of the Apostolic Penitentiary.

Ennium
— Ennio Antonelli, retired president of Pontifical Council for the Family.

Ferdinandum
— Fernando Filoni, prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

Franciscum
— Francesco Coccopalmerio, president of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts.
— Francis E. George of Chicago.
— Francesco Monterisi, retired secretary of the Congregation for Bishops.
— Francisco Robles Ortega of Guadalajara, Mexico.
— Franc Rode, retired prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life.

Franciscum Xaverium
— Francisco Javier Errazuriz Ossa of Santiago de Chile.

Georgium
— George Alencherry of Ernakulam-Angamaly, major archbishop of Syro-Malabar Catholic Church.
— Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
— George Pell of Sydney.
— Jorge Urosa Savino of Caracas, Venezuela.

Gabrielem
— Gabriel Zubeir Wako of Khartoum, Sudan.

Gerardum
— Geraldo Majella Agnelo of Sao Salvador da Bahia, Brazil.

Godefridum
— Godfried Danneels of Mechelen-Brussels.

Gulielmum
— Willem Jacobus Eijk of Utrecht, Netherlands.
— William Joseph Levada, retired prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

Iacobum
— James M. Harvey, archpriest of the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls.
— Jaime Ortega Alamino of Havana.

Ioachim
— Joachim Meisner of Cologne, Germany.

Ioannem
— Sean Brady of Armagh, Northern Ireland.
— Joao Braz de Aviz, prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life.
— Juan Cipriani Thorne of Lima, Peru.
— Giovanni Lajolo, retired president of the commission governing Vatican City State.
— John Njue of Nairobi, Kenya.
— John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan of Abuja, Nigeria.
— Sean Patrick O’Malley of Boston.
— Juan Sandoval Iniguez of Guadalajara, Mexico.
— John Tong Hon of Hong Kong.

Ioannem Baptistam
— Giovanni Battista Re, retired prefect of the Congregation for Bishops.
— Jean-Baptiste Pham Minh Man, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Ioannem Claudium
— Jean-Claude Turcotte of Montreal.

Ioannem Ludovicum
— Jean-Louis Tauran, president of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue.

Ioannem Franciscum
— Gianfranco Ravasi, president of the Pontifical Council for Culture.

Ioannem Patricium
— Sean Patrick O’Malley of Boston.

Ioannem Petrum
— Jean-Pierre Ricard of Bordeaux, France.

Iosephum
— Giuseppe Bertello, president of the commission governing Vatican City State.
— Giuseppe Betori of Florence, Italy.
— Josip Bozanic of Zagreb, Croatia.
— Jose da Cruz Policarpo, Lisbon, Portugal.
— Giuseppe Versaldi, president of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See.

Iulium
— Julio Terrazas Sandoval of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.

Iustinum
— Justin Rigali of Philadelphia.

Isaac
— Baselios Cleemis (Isaac) Thottunkal, major archbishop of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church.

Laurentium
— Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya of Kinshasa, Congo.

Ivanum
— Ivan Dias, retired prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

Leonardum
— Leonardo Sandri, prefect of the Congregation for Eastern Churches.

Marcum
— Marc Ouellet, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops.

Maurum
— Mauro Piacenza, prefect of the Congregation for Clergy.

Nicolaum
— Nicolas Lopez Rodriguez of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

Norbertum
— Norberto Rivera Carrera of Mexico City.

Odilonem
— Odilo Pedro Scherer of Sao Paulo.

Osvaldum
— Oswald Gracias of Mumbai, India.

Patricium
— Sean Patrick O’Malley of Boston.

Paulum
— Paolo Sardi, a former official in the Vatican Secretariat of State.
— Paul Josef Cordes, retired president of Pontifical Council Cor Unum.
— Paolo Romeo of Palermo, Italy.

Petrum
— Peter Erdo of Esztergom-Budapest, Hungary.
— Peter Turkson, president of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace.

Philippum
— Philippe Barbarin of Lyon, France.

Polycarpum
— Polycarp Pengo of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Radulfum
— Raul Vela Chiriboga, retired archbishop of Quito, Ecuador.

Raimundum
— Raymond L. Burke, prefect of the Supreme Court of the Apostolic Signature.
— Raymundo Damasceno Assis of Aparecida, Brazil.

Rainardum
— Reinhard Marx of Munich and Freising, Germany.

Rainerium
— Rainer Maria Woelki of Berlin.

Raphaelem
— Raffaele Farina, retired head of the Vatican Secret Archives and the Vatican Library.

Robertum
— Robert Sarah, president of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum.

Rogerium
— Roger Mahony, retired archbishop of Los Angeles.

Ruben
— Ruben Salazar Gomez of Bogota, Colombia.

Sanctum
— Santos Abril Castello, archpriest of Basilica of St. Mary Major.

Severium
— Severino Poletto of Turin, Italy.

Stanislaum
— Stanislaw Dziwisz of Krakow, Poland.
— Stanislaw Rylko, president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity.

Telesphorum
— Telesphore Toppo, of Ranchi, India.

Tharsicium
— Tarcisio Bertone, secretary of state.

Theodorum
— Theodore-Adrien Sarr of Dakar, Senegal.

Thomam
— Thomas C. Collins of Toronto.

Timotheum
— Timothy M. Dolan of New York.

Valtherum
— Walter Kasper, retired president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.

Velasium
— Velasio De Paolis, papal delegate overseeing reform of the Legionaries of Christ and Regnum Christi.

Vilfridum
— Wilfrid F. Napier of Durban, South Africa.

Villelmum
— Willem Jacobus Eijk of Utrecht, Netherlands.
— William Joseph Levada, retired prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

Vincentium
— Vinko Puljic of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Zenonem
— Zenon Grocholewski, prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education.

Quid est in nomine? Latin name is key clue

VATICAN CITY — The first clue to the identity of the new pope will be the announcement of his first name — in Latin, in the accusative case.

If he is not the one chosen, French Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran, the top-ranked cardinal-deacon, will say, in Latin, “I announce to you a great joy. We have a pope: His most Eminent and Reverend Lordship, Lord …” followed by the Latin version of the chosen cardinal’s first name.

If Cardinal Tauran says, “Lord Odilonem” everyone would know the new pope was Brazilian Cardinal Odilo Scherer of Sao Paulo. They would not have to wait for Cardinal Tauran to announce the new pope’s last name.

But if he says Angelum, it would not necessarily mean the new pope was the media-touted Italian Cardinal Angelo Scola of Milan; there are three other Italian cardinals also named Angelo.

If the cardinal says “Ioannem,” things would be much more complicated. Fifteen cardinals’ names begin Juan, Jean or Giovanni, the equivalent of John.

Five cardinals’ first names are variations of “Iosephum” (Joseph), five are named “Franciscum” (Francis) and five have names beginning “Antonium” (Anthony).

Only two are named after the apostle Peter, “Petrum,” and three after the apostle Paul, “Paulum.”

The 115 cardinals who will enter the Sistine Chapel for the conclave include four named “Georgium” or George and three who would be called “Carolum,” like Blessed John Paul II, the former Karol Wojtyla.

There are limits to translation possibilities: Lithuanian Cardinal Audrys Juozas Backis of Vilnius would be called Audrys and Maronite Patriarch Bechara Rai would be either Bachara or Becharam.

When the Vatican’s Office of Latin Letters is called upon to write a letter in Latin to one of the cardinals, the “Acta Apostolicae Sedis,” the book of official acts of the Holy See, is the go-to place for which version of their name to use. The volumes for 1909 through the end of 2012 are online on the Vatican website.

Apparently, though, it is not always that easy. Indian Cardinal Baselios Cleemis Isaac Thottunkal, major archbishop of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, has been referred to both as Basilium Clementem and Isaac.

It also is possible that Cardinal Tauran will not use the accusative case when he announces the name. He could say, “Marcus” instead of “Marcum” if the cardinals choose Canadian Cardinal Marc Ouellet, who has been prefect of the Congregation for Bishops.

A full list of the cardinal electors’ names in Latin can be found here.

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