Putting a human face on homelessness

Homeless people increasingly are becoming the target of violent acts. (CNS/Bob Roller)

Homeless people increasingly are becoming the target of violent acts. (CNS/Bob Roller)

The death of John Robert McGraham, a homeless man living on the streets of Los Angeles, easily could have been overlooked as just another lost person meeting an unfortunate end. But The Tidings, newspaper of the Los Angeles Archdiocese, didn’t stop at the police report.

A report by R.W. Dellinger puts a face on a human being whom some have chosen to look down upon.

The gruesome nature of the way McGraham was killed on Oct. 9 — an attacker poured gasoline on him and then set his ragged clothing on fire as he tried to run away — points to the utter contempt some people hold for homeless people. Even though nearby residents came to McGraham’s aid, he was already badly burned and it was too late to save him.

The Tidings’ story offers its readers a look at McGraham’s life and what caused him to hit the streets. Dellinger also delves into the growing violence being committed against homeless people, many of whom try to live their life in a dignified way despite the harsh realities of a world with no shelter.

One startling statistic Dellinger found comes from the National Coalition for the Homeless. Since the coalition began tracking attacks like the one on McGraham in 1999, there have been nearly 800 such violent acts in 235 cities nationwide. More than 200 people have died in those attacks. Some advocates call such acts hate crimes and attempts are under way to rewrite federal law to reflect those beliefs.

As homelessness comes into focus in our minds as winter descends and the holiday season raises the level of compassion for those less fortunate, The Tidings report provides plenty to think about, pray about and act on.

A gift for life

VATICAN CITY — Right on the heels of two separate conferences on evolution will be an international congress dedicated to organ donation called “A Gift for Life.”

The Pontifical Academy for Life together with the World Federation of Catholic Medical Associations and Italy’s National Transplant Center will sponsor the Nov. 6-8 event to discuss the medical, legal and ethical aspects of organ donation.

Like its hot-button cousin — evolution — organ donation has experienced its fair share of controversy, too. For example, using the biological signs of brain death as criteria for determining death has been under dispute by some Catholic doctors and leaders for a while now. The debate is critical for health care ethics particularly on the question of organs being harvested from brain-dead patients whose bodies continue to function.

Two congresses sponsored by the Pontifical Academy for Sciences were dedicated to “the signs of death” to verify whether brain death indeed marked the death of an individual. This one in 2005 featured experts opposed to brain-death determining death of the individual and this one in 2006 brought together medics and scholars who agree complete cessation of brain activity does mean death.

The church’s position on the matter was most eloquently stated in Pope John Paul II’s Aug. 29, 2000, speech to participants attending an international congress on transplantation. He said while it is impossible for science to determine when true death occurs, that is when the soul leaves the body, it is possible to observe certain biological signs that follow the event of death. He continued:

Here it can be said that the criterion adopted in more recent times for ascertaining the fact of death, namely the complete and irreversible cessation of all brain activity, if rigorously applied, does not seem to conflict with the essential elements of a sound anthropology.

Judging by the speakers and topics outlined for the Vatican’s academy for life conference in November, dissenting opinions will be few and Pope John Paul’s position will be reinforced.

CNS Bible Blog: In the stars we see God

Link to Bible Blog seriesBy Brother Guy Consolmagno, SJ
Special to Catholic News Service

Brother Guy

Brother Guy

It is not by coincidence that the word for “heaven” is the same as the word for “sky” in so many languages. To the writers of Scripture, the attributes that we find in the heavens, in contemplating the starry sky, are the same attributes that we find in God.

The first and most obvious attribute of God is his greatness. But one can look even deeper and see, not only grandeur, but also harmony, balance, and beauty. That is what the author of Sirach saw in the way the Creator has made the stars:

Sir 42:24 – 43:10  All things come in pairs, one opposite the other, and he has made nothing incomplete. Each supplements the virtues of the other. Who could ever tire of seeing his glory? The pride of the higher realms is the clear vault of the sky, as glorious to behold as the sight of the heavens.

The sun, when it appears, proclaims as it rises what a marvelous instrument it is, the work of the Most High. At noon it parches the land, and who can withstand its burning heat?  A man tending a furnace works in burning heat, but three times as hot is the sun scorching the mountains; it breathes out fiery vapors, and its bright rays blind the eyes. Great is the Lord who made it; at his orders it hurries on its course.

It is the moon that marks the changing seasons, governing the times, their everlasting sign.  From the moon comes the sign for festal days, a light that wanes when it completes its course. The new moon, as its name suggests, renews itself; how marvelous it is in this change, a beacon to the hosts on high, shining in the vault of the heavens!

The glory of the stars is the beauty of heaven, a glittering array in the heights of the Lord.  On the orders of the Holy One they stand in their appointed places; they never relax in their watches.

But there is a more subtle yet important lesson that the writers of Scripture find in the nature of Creation. It is not enough that the stars are astonishing; what is even more astonishing is that we, also the creatures of this same Creator, have been given the opportunity and the ability to appreciate and understand them. In this, the writers of Scripture see God’s everlasting love for his people.

Notice how the writer of Psalm 8 progresses in this way, from amazement at the glory of the One who made these stars, to the glory of the One who made us able to be amazed:

Psalm 8

To the leader: according to The Gittith. A Psalm of David.

O LORD, our Sovereign, how majestic is your name in all the earth! You have set your glory above the heavens.

Out of the mouths of babes and infants you have founded a bulwark because of your foes, to silence the enemy and the avenger.

When I look at your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars that you have established; what are human beings that you are mindful of them, mortals that you care for them?

Yet you have made them a little lower than God, and crowned them with glory and honor.

You have given them dominion over the works of your hands; you have put all things under their feet, all sheep and oxen, and also the beasts of the field, the birds of the air, and the fish of the sea, whatever passes along the paths of the seas.

O LORD, our Sovereign, how majestic is your name in all the earth!

For all of that, though, we know that we are weak. We are fearful; and in our fear, we are tempted to trust to our own immediate abilities rather than to trust in God. I certainly remember a time in my own life when I was first sent to Africa, and felt terribly alone and homesick. Sitting alone under the stars was balm to my soul; no

The moon blocks out the disk of the sun in this annular eclipse, photographed with the Vatican Observatory’s Coronado Solar Telescope. Though eclipses are spectacular, they are also predictable; the regularity of the heavens is used in Scripture as evidence of God’s steadfast love for his people.

The moon blocks out the disk of the sun in this annular eclipse, photographed with the Vatican Observatory’s Coronado Solar Telescope. Though eclipses are spectacular, they are also predictable; the regularity of the heavens is used in Scripture as evidence of God’s steadfast love for his people.

matter how much I missed familiar food and friends, no matter how strange I found the culture or the climate, by looking up at the familiar stars in their well-loved patterns of the constellations I knew that I was still in the same world as the one I had grown up in, when I had learned those constellations at my father’s knee.

Jeremiah has apparently had the same experience; he used the regularity of the heavens as evidence of God’s steadfast love in a frightening, unsettled world. And in that steadfastness is our hope for better times.

Jer 31:31-38 The days are surely coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah. It will not be like the covenant that I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt – a covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, says the LORD.

But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. No longer shall they teach one another, or say to each other, “Know the LORD,” for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, says the LORD; for I will forgive their iniquity, and remember their sin no more.

Thus says the LORD, who gives the sun for light by day and the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar – the LORD of hosts is his name: If this fixed order were ever to cease from my presence, says the LORD, then also the offspring of Israel would cease to be a nation before me forever.

The same message is found in the Psalms:

Psalm 136

O give thanks to the LORD, for he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever.

O give thanks to the God of gods, for his steadfast love endures forever.

O give thanks to the Lord of lords, for his steadfast love endures forever;

Who alone does great wonders, for his steadfast love endures forever;

Who by understanding made the heavens, for his steadfast love endures forever;

Who spread out the earth on the waters, for his steadfast love endures forever;

Who made the great lights, for his steadfast love endures forever;

The sun to rule over the day, for his steadfast love endures forever;

The moon and stars to rule over the night, for his steadfast love endures forever…

And this takes us finally to the most surprising attribute of the heavens. Not only are they huge, not only are they marching in their paths in a mathematical rigor, but they are also beautiful — with a beauty exceeded only by the wisdom of God:

Wis 7:15-30  May God grant me to speak with judgment, and to have thoughts worthy of what I have received; for he is the guide even of wisdom and the corrector of the wise. For both we and our words are in his hand, as are all understanding and skill in crafts.

For it is he who gave me unerring knowledge of what exists, to know the structure of the world and the activity of the elements; the beginning and end and middle of times, the alternations of the solstices and the changes of the seasons, the cycles of the year and the constellations of the stars, the natures of animals and the tempers of wild animals, the powers of spirits and the thoughts of human beings, the varieties of plants and the virtues of roots; I learned both what is secret and what is manifest, for wisdom, the fashioner of all things, taught me.

There is in her a spirit that is intelligent, holy, unique, manifold, subtle, mobile, clear, unpolluted, distinct, invulnerable, loving the good, keen, irresistible,  beneficent, humane, steadfast, sure, free from anxiety, all-powerful, overseeing all, and penetrating through all spirits that are intelligent, pure, and altogether subtle. For wisdom is more mobile than any motion; because of her pureness she pervades and penetrates all things.

For she is a breath of the power of God, and a pure emanation of the glory of the Almighty; therefore nothing defiled gains entrance into her. For she is a reflection of eternal light, a spotless mirror of the working of God, and an image of his goodness. Although she is but one, she can do all things, and while remaining in herself, she renews all things; in every generation she passes into holy souls and makes them friends of God, and prophets; for God loves nothing so much as the person who lives with wisdom.

She is more beautiful than the sun, and excels every constellation of the stars. Compared with the light she is found to be superior, for it is succeeded by the night, but against wisdom evil does not prevail.

(Scripture quotations are from the New Revised Standard Version of the Bible, ©1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the U. S. A.  All rights reserved.  Used by permission.)

Luke 15 House offers parolees a place to start over

Our Catholic faith tells us to forgive those who have trespassed against us, but putting that into practice isn’t always an easy thing to do.

In reading a story about Luke 15 House in The B.C. Catholic, newspaper of the Archdiocese of Vancouver, British Columbia, in western Canada, we are able to visualize how this Christian-based organization has overcome adversity during the years to help paroled prisoners readjust to life in society.

The program offers these men counseling, vocational training, Bible studies and spiritual direction.

Catholic teens in St. Louis examine plight of the homeless

Parents who believe their children don’t understand the hardships of life may want to read a story about a group of teenage parishioners in St. Louis who got a close look at what it’s like to live as a homeless person.

The account in the Oct. 24 issue of the St. Louis Review, newspaper of the Archdiocese of St. Louis, tells how the encounter with the homeless became a life-changing event in the lives of these youths.

One high school girl said she saw the “face of Christ” when she looked into the eyes of homeless people and their children during the parish-run retreat.

Do not forget their silent cries

Cardinal Emmanuel-Karim Delly of Baghdad, Iraq. (CNS/Carol Glatz)

Cardinal Emmanuel-Karim Delly of Baghdad, Iraq. (CNS/Carol Glatz)

VATICAN CITY — Iraqi Cardinal Emmanuel-Karim Delly of Baghdad told me in a recent interview at the Vatican that he felt the international community had all but forgotten the plight of Iraqis as well as the country’s Christians who continue to suffer tremendously from a lack of infrastructure and religious intolerance.

The Catholic charity Aid to the Church in Need publishes a number of reports each year to remind people that there are countless people worldwide who need our help as they are suffering — and perhaps dying — for their faith.

Just last week, the charity’s president, Father Joaquin Alliende Luco, presented its annual Religious Freedom in the World report documenting the limitations, coercion, violations, or persecution nations levy against people solely because of their faith or religion. That report found that 10 of the the top 13 countries with serious limitations on religious freedom were all countries in Asia.

Another publication called “Persecuted and Forgotten? A Report on Christians Oppressed for their Faith” looks just at the situation Christians face worldwide. This “snap-shot view” of the terrible oppression and violence Christians face is meant “to fill the gap in people’s knowledge about a subject that is worsening because it largely escapes media attention,” says the report’s Index of Persecution.

Countries the report lists where the plight of the faithful has deteriorated sharply since last year:

Algeria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Egypt, Eritrea, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel and Palestine, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe.

CNS Bible Blog: God’s omnipotence

By Brother Guy Consolmagno, SJ
Special to Catholic News Service

Brother Guy

Brother Guy

Over the years, I’ve gotten e-mails from a number of people asking me if planets, stars or constellations are mentioned in the Bible. Of course they are!

There are computer programs you can get that contain the whole text of the Bible and allow you to do global searches on words or phrases. When I just looked up “stars” I came across a number of instances. (And, in the process, I missed one of the most famous ones: the opening from Psalm 19, “The heavens declare the glory of God, and the firmament proclaims his handiwork.”)

But of course, that’s just gathering data. As a scientist, what I do instinctively is to look the data over and try to find trends. And over the next few days I want to share some of these insights here. It’s not just that stars are mentioned in passing in the Bible; what is fascinating to me is how they are used.

The first instance of astronomical objects in the Bible is, of course, the first chapter of Genesis where their creation is described:

Genesis 1:16-19 reads: God made the two great lights — the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night — and the stars. God set them in the dome of the sky to give light upon the earth, to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good.  And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day.

Father Michael Kolarcik wrote a beautiful blog about the opening of Genesis at the beginning of this series: http://cnsblog.wordpress.com/2008/10/06/cns-bible-blog-genesis-chapter-1-is-creation-good/.

I shouldn’t have to remind my readers here that this description, appropriate for the time it was written and the people for whom it was directed, did not intend to describe the science of astronomy, the nuts and bolts of how God made the stars. Instead, it carried a far more important message: that the stars were not themselves pagan

The whole Milky Way can be seen in this fish-eye view of the skies over Mt. Graham, Arizona, the site of the Vatican’s Advanced Technology Telescope, operated by the Vatican Observatory in conjunction with the University of Arizona. Such dark skies are becoming more and more rare, however; even here, the sky glow from the cities of Phoenix and Tucson, both more than fifty miles distant, can be seen as the yellow patches on the right hand side of the picture.

The whole Milky Way can be seen in this fisheye view of the skies over Mount Graham in Arizona, the site of the Vatican’s Advanced Technology Telescope, operated by the Vatican Observatory in conjunction with the University of Arizona. Such dark skies are becoming more and more rare, however; even here, the sky glow from the cities of Phoenix and Tucson, both more than 50 miles distant, can be seen as the yellow patches on the right side of the picture.

gods nor the random result of pagan gods messing about in the primordial chaos, as the mythological stories of the neighboring nations would have it. Rather they are the result of the one true God’s deliberate act of creation. For the first time, we are told that everything in the universe, including the lights in the sky, are but creatures … things made by God.

And because the stars are God’s creation, they are under God’s rule. We see that in Job 9:1-10: Then Job answered:  “… how can a mortal be just before God?  If one wished to contend with him, one could not answer him once in a thousand. He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength who has resisted him, and succeeded? –  he who removes mountains, and they do not know it, when he overturns them in his anger; who shakes the earth out of its place, and its pillars tremble; who commands the sun, and it does not rise; who seals up the stars; who alone stretched out the heavens and trampled the waves of the sea; who made the Bear and Orion, the Pleiades and the chambers of the south; who does great things beyond understanding, and marvelous things without number.”

Orion is perhaps the most famous constellation; the Bear, the Lion, the Pleiades are references to the familiar constellations of Ursa Major, Leo, and the famous star cluster in Taurus. These descriptions of the constellations are found without much ambiguity in the Greek Septuagint version of the Old Testament, while the Hebrew version uses words that ancient commentators usually connect with those constellations, though some argue that different stars are actually meant. Which stars are being talked about really doesn’t matter for our purposes, however. The important point is that even the stars are made by God.

That’s a pretty big God, even if your understanding of the universe is limited to seeing the stars as points of light in a dome relatively close overhead.

The power of God over the universe is most directly inferred in Psalm 147: Praise the LORD! How good it is to sing praises to our God; for he is gracious, and a song of praise is fitting. The LORD builds up Jerusalem; he gathers the outcasts of Israel. He heals the brokenhearted, and binds up their wounds. He determines the number of the stars; he gives to all of them their names. Great is our Lord, and abundant in power; his understanding is beyond measure …

As we saw in Genesis where Adam is given the task of naming the animals, to give a name is to claim ownership — and responsibility. You don’t bother naming something that you don’t care about.

And if God cares about the physical universe, so shouldn’t we?

(Scripture quotations are from the New Revised Standard Version of the Bible, ©1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the U.S.A.  All rights reserved.  Used by permission.)

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